Autism spectrum disorders: psychological theory and research
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Family Practice. Educational Researcher. Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate.
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However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site. In addition, he is Director of the nearby Autism Research Centre. In , Simon Baron-Cohen expanded on his mindblindness theory by weaving in another concept: empathy. A very balanced person would possess these abilities in equal measure, with the average man leaning more heavily on the side of systemizing, and the average woman leaning more heavily on the side of empathizing.
People with autism spectrum disorders, in contrast, are viewed as lacking to an astounding degree the ability to empathize —to read via expression, body language, actions, and words emotions, intentions, and perceptions. This builds on the mindblindness concept by including a more specific emotional aspect. A person with an ASD has trouble reading not just thoughts, but feelings. Although people with ASDs lack a strong empathic sense, they are viewed in this framework as incredible systemizers. They possess an extreme male brain.
They will be good, on the other hand, at evaluating non -human systems, such as machines, scientific phenomena, or a collection of objects, down to the lowest level of detail. A very low functioning individual may line up objects in the same order again and again; a higher functioning individual may program computers. Understanding and controlling human systems depends upon a rapid-fire ability to adapt to barely predictable, infinitely variable human actions.
People on the spectrum tend to excel at focusing on extreme detail, and so are able to pick out a tiny element from a mass of complex data or objects.
When picking out extreme detail from surrounding masses of information was required, people with ASDs would be in a position to shine. They would be good at parts, but not at wholes. Theories can be wrong. They can even be very wrong. They may be accepted for years, however, before they are successfully challenged or disproved. There was a time when autism was believed to be a solely psychological condition with no organic —that is, physical or neurological—basis at all.
The mother, it was supposed, had not wanted the child, and still did not, whether consciously or unconsciously.
This view of autism was obviously very destructive. Of course, they had it backwards. It was not that a stressed out and depressed parent created a child with an ASD, but that having a child with an ASD tended to make parents stressed out or depressed. What they had wrong is what researchers call direction of causality.
First of all, it is important to note that theories are just that. As you educate yourself about all that is going on in the world of autism research, it is important to know the difference between a theory and a fact. Yes, parental behavior can make a difference in family functioning.